enable's take Varjak Paw as an party (astounding e book by potential of how), in it Varjak has desires that connect to his genuine existence, and the author writes it in third individual (even with if something else of the e book become in first). It’s a character memory. Here’s what I don’t recommend: putting the flashback in italics. Do you sometimes feel like the world’s biggest poseur? I each and every from time to time do, yet on some books i have examine that comprise desires/flashbacks, they do something different to that. A memory keeps the reader in the story present, but the viewpoint character is thinking about the past. Enter your e-mail address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by e-mail. I've also seen flashbacks that weren't italicized. It’s a subtle distinction, but an important one. I should hold up that liquor store tonight, I really should. Log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up. I did a quick lookup for how to punctuate flashbacks and according to this site, flashbacks, like thoughts, should be in italics. Required fields are marked *. To differentiate thoughts from regular prose. For making a flashback, use past perfect to refer to a past event and then use it again. Italicized Flashbacks. Her debut novel, Halayda, was one of my favorite books of 2017, and I’ve been eagerly anticipating the release of Rothana. No, winning the Genesis did not grant me an agent or a publishing contract although it can, and likely will (I hope!) On top of your current plot being halted for a flashback, a huge block of italic font on the page is going to further stop your story in a way you probably don't want.Instead, if you are going to write long flashback scenes, I picked up a great technique from Dreyer’s English that transitions you seamlessly from past perfect to simple past for easier reading cues to flashbacks: Start the flash back with some “had”s. What probably prompted me to do so was seeing italics used in flashbacks in many published stories. (Here's more on remembered dialogue) Italicized internal thoughts are just one tool to show what a character is thinking. Because a flashback is—or should be–characters doing things. Notice the word scene. Well, I have a feeling there’s quite a few people who are only familiar with Wattpad, self published Amazon “books,” and vague memories of Shakespeare in high school. These experiences can be happy, sad, exciting, or of any other emotion one can consider. Normally, I reserve my complaints for “Spring Forward” where I get to enjoy SEVEN MONTHS of time-zone purgatory. Thank you for the great advice! The title, like many from my page is a song title, in this case a Billy Joel song] Do you sometimes wonder who you are? (For example, Brent Weeks’s The Broken Eye includes several dramatized scenes from the … After I won the ACFW Genesis award for my manuscript, The Barber Surgeon. I’d encourage you to avoid long, italicized stretches. If an author relies on flashbacks, which is another pet peeve of mine, they often put the flashbacks in italics. First, you’re not the only one who’s confused. How you format remembered dialogue varies, same as internal dialogue. Flashbacks are meant to take on an element of immediacy, of being dragged into a moment re-lived. Italicize without title case for APA style. A simple interjection of a scene from a previous timeline into the main story. In my editorial work, using italics can swing both ways. Readers may get confused and think it’s describing a dream, which is a more standard reason to format a long passage in italics. I'll give that a go and if my beta readers pick up on the subtle flashbacks. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, https://www.advancedfictionwriting.com/blog/2018/03/11/how-to-write-a-flashback/. Flashbacks in writing are simply scenes from the past. I would treat it as interior monologue if it’s pretty short, but if you spend a lot of time on it, I’d treat it as a scene. In fact, in the flashback, you would not set the dialogue in italics. They were like the walking dead, and Anders wondered how in the short span of twenty-four hours he’d managed to become one of them. But if you wanted to set dream scenes in italics to set them off more sharply from the main text, I probably wouldn’t argue with you. The author has to signal that the writing is moving into a flashback scene. Yes, you can always drop or add a prologue after you’ve written the first draft, but you might want to … Then move on to a 2–3 contractions of “he’d’” and “she’d” (After strolling the market for the perfect meal, he’d stopped for a bowl of savory soup at Mary’s favorite noodle stall. How are you all doing? I didn’t know what, except that it be humorous. The important point is to avoid confusing your readers. To celebrate my […], We’re continuing to host the Mythic Orbits blog here on the New Authors Fellowship. Writing is an art, and cannot be governed by rules involving always or never. Aubree, Seamus, and Oliver are Caoine’s first real friends and all hold secrets of their own. You’d put it in quotation marks, just as in any other scene. In exposition, you tell the readers something about a fictional character’s past. “Take me somewhere I’ve never been.”. I devoured light, fun fiction. The irony of Olivia’s request was that it seemed to Anders she’d been everywhere, and he’d never left Florida. Sometimes I wonder if people here have read any books at all. The resulting flashback shows that the memory still haunts your character. Find a grounding object. I've used italics for flashbacks before and it's worked fine. Whatever doesn't confuse works. Song titles are not italized, they should be placed inbetween quotation marks. It should also go on long enough to really get us into the story. The song title italization exception. Generally speaking, we try to avoid big blocks of italics, but sometimes content needs to be set apart from the primary narrative, and italics are a handy way to do that. “Shut up already!” Jerry yelled at the creature. We’ll see if a publisher lets me get away with it. “Let’s go for a ride today. Your email address will not be published. At the start of the story, Olivia is comatose after an accident. So the only italicized words are the ones the doctor spoke. She’d told him about the stall on their first date. I was able to send Bear Publishing’s Travis Perry some questions about his writing, the industry, and inspiration. Internal Dialogue: Italics or Quotes? Which is usually more interesting than characters thinking about things. The last point of confusion has to do with defining a flashback. The story is told from the viewpoint of Olivia’s boyfriend, Anders. A flashback is a fully formed scene set in an earlier time. I loved the world or rather worlds in this book, a steampunk “real world” and the Fae realm not to […], It’s no secret that I loathe the whole thing that makes 48 other states jealous – not observing Daylight Savings Time. Take a book with a flashback, see how it's done there, and if you like the effect, do it like that. The past two […], Guest Blogger: Andra Marquardt The other day I wanted to post something on the Facebook group, Realm Makers Consortium. I think we should revert back to this styling, rather than just entering the entire episode in normal text. If the surrounding context is reasonably clear that the particular passage is a flashback, etc, then reduce the need for italics or boldfacing as they can eat into readability. Long answer: I personally only use italics for titles of works (like a novel or film) or when something is quoted BUT not heard. Personally I use italics for thought. A flashback, like any other scene, can run as long as necessary to show what’s needed. Example: Jerry left a note saying, /Hey, when you get home, don’t open the bathroom door./ He hoped Cindy would see it. If the character is saying something in … These basic grammar rules are universal.However, there are some rules of punctuating titles that are much more fluid. So, use them or don't use them, it's your choice. Handled improperly, backstory stalls theforward-moving narrative altogether, and yet skillful use of this tool adds historical and emotional context and controls pacing. One of my favorite sayings is, “I prefer my chocolate and friends in quality not quantity.” I’m amending that to books. Flashback is over when italics end). If a story begins at Point A and finishes some time later at Point Z, a flashback is a scene that happened before Point A. we italicize words when they are used as words, How to Go Deeper into Characters’ Emotions, Q&A: 3 Reasons to Attend Writers Conferences. He could handle it himself, he thought as he began to push at it with a broom. If you find that a character is spending a lot of time thinking or talking about the past, consider whether it’s all really needed to move the story forward. Whether participating artists wish to gear their content for the inspirational or mainstream marketplace, they have a place at Realm Makers. If you have experienced flashbacks I offer a few tips that have helped me minimize those effects. A flashback should not stop a movie just to provide exposition. Rothana Release – Interview with Sarah Delena White, Mythic Orbits Blog Tour: Interview with Travis Perry. Internal dialogue is used by authors to indicate what a character is thinking. Your email address will not be published. Then switch to past to describe the rest of the flashback, and close with the use of past perfect to make clear we are transitioning back to the present of the story. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A flashback is a fully formed scene set in an earlier time. The story is told in a set of flashbacks alternating with present-day scenes in the hospital. Should flashbacks be italicized or not? I've heard, flashbacks should be italicized to help readers follow the trans Flip-flopping flashbacks (10X fast) - WritersNet Here are a couple of excerpts from Rescuing Olivia by Julie Compton. The doctors and nurses stood in stark contrast to the family and friends of patients, whose hollow eyes and weary efforts to smile at strangers gave them away. A character memory should last only a couple of lines, as you have done. Yes. Although you often hear the advice to avoid flashbacks, they're perfectly legitimate if used properly. That depends. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Fiction Q&A: Using italics for character thoughts. A flashback, or involuntary recurrent memory, is a psychological phenomenon in which an individual has a sudden, usually powerful, re-experiencing of a past experience or elements of a past experience. I sat at the window, drum- ming my fingers on the gritty sill. For example, we italicize words when they are used as words. I've seen italics, ***, big paragraph breaks, and so on. That will keep the … Earlier in the series, episodes were treated with the flashback sequences wholly italicized. You’d put it in quotation marks, just as in any other scene. My husband had completed Timothy Leadership Training, which was the single best thing to happen to our marriage and family. Press J to jump to the feed. The character is thinking about what happened in the past—that information is his interior monologue. So it should be typeset like any other scene. I'm not talking about brief bits of text depicting the flashback. Uncommon fonts like italics and bold should be used as sparingly as possible, because they give a visual cue to the reader to consider that text "special." Hello. The first is the main character in the present who is listening to tape recordings. It should be an interesting, vivid scene, which brings its character(s) to life for us. These documents may appear italicized to make it clear to the reader that a different narrative mode is being used. By David Trottier AKA Dr. You can convey flashbacks as dramatized scenes, told from the perspective of a distant narrator. He considered calling animal control, but it seemed like a waste of resources. Normally, I wouldn’t use italics for that very reason, but sometimes it may be necessary. I never thought of it like that. If it is, consider rewriting those parts as flashbacks rather than character thoughts. I do something similar in my fantasy series; when the heroine has visions of the future, I set them in italics so you you know something drastically different is going on. The day before had started pretty much like many of the others they’d spent together.… She reached for him, wrapping her arms around his neck and pulling him close. Thank you! I thought it might look strange seeing a huge chunk of italic text on the page. help move me farther along […]. I'm talking about 3-4 paragraphs with dialogue in-between all italicized. Most of the time, I advise beginning writers to avoid using flashback in their fiction because they tend to rely on backstory too heavily early on.It is better to choose a point of entry into a story and write forward from there. Note: These tips apply to individual flashback scenes, not to secondary storylines set in the past. I know flashback and memory sound like the same thing, but they’re not. You should italicize the titles of newspapers, journals, magazines, and radio series. News programs with a specific name should also be italicized. The time cue “day before” lets us know when the flashback takes place, and this is emphasized by the use of the past perfect tense (“had started.”) Olivia’s dialogue is in regular quotation marks. Later, Anders is sitting in the hospital and remembers the conversation. The Bible is not italicized nor are the titles of books within the Bible. Here’s the part I put in italics: He sat in the cold hospital waiting room, feeling numb. NOTE: Please see our article Diving Back Into Dialogue: Part II, posted on December 3, 2019, for an expanded discussion of this topic. ), Also, this article has a good suggestion on transitioning into a flashback with a memory: https://www.advancedfictionwriting.com/blog/2018/03/11/how-to-write-a-flashback/. According to the house style of most publishing houses, yes, recalled/remembered speech/text should be in italic, no quotation marks. This was just like when Mom died. Saturday night came, and still Sheila didn’t call. Maybe a handful of sentences with these. I think I might avoid the long paragraph of italics because I know as a reader the long stretches can be strenuous. Your critique partner is—I’ll be generous and say “overstating the case.” Whenever someone gives you a never in regards to writing, your inner warning klaxon should go off. I came here for help because I am about to write a flashback scene in my WIP, but I'm having trouble because I don't know if flashbacks should be italicized or if there's something that has to be done to set them apart from the other scenes. ), Then you stop using the past perfect and just move into the past tense as if you’re right there in the flashback (John ordered his usual: a gallon of wonton soup and four of the crispiest eggrolls the proprietor could find for him. Same goes for the title of short stories in an anthology, single episodes of tv shows, or journal articles because they CAN NOT stand alone. I do agree, though, that you should try to put as much backstory as possible in your narrative and/or dialogue. For the past 4-5 years I’ve set out to read 100 books per year and won that goal. Q&A: What’s the deal with spaces after a period? Format. The opossum scratched against the locked door, screeching to get out. As with the literary examples, italicize these titles on your works cited page or bibliography in Chicago or MLA style and use title case. I thought characters’ memories were supposed to be italicized. The practice you’re thinking of is to put remembered dialogue in italics. I have a chapter that jumps in and out of flashbacks, but through 2 POVs. Despite taking place in the past, effective flashbacks feel immediate. I personally don't like italics, only use them for small inserts like a poem, a letter, something that's being read between paragraphs. Include a prologue or jump straight into the story, that is the question.At least it’s a question. Writing Questions. But it can be done a lot of ways. Good questions and excellent answers. Indicate that you're about to "remember" something, use italics...you'll be fine. It should contain action pertinent to the story's central concern, whether that's a murder, a family argument or a personal internal crisis. After staring at that evil cursor for about two minutes, this popped into my head: “I asked God to teach me patience, so he made me a writer.” […], I am so excited to have Sarah Delena White in the hot seat today! In fact, in the flashback, you would not set the dialogue in italics. But this only applies to dialogue. God took my husband and […], [This is an update from a blog post I did on my own site a few years ago. (In fact I've actually switched to present tense for flashbacks with no reader confusion. If a lot of italics are needed for a flashback scene, it's possible it's gone beyond remembered dialog and it's more of a scene, using a different format or writing style to set it apart. Instead, here’s one easy way to handle verb tenses in flashbacks and long passages about past events. I’ve wondered about some of the same things. Read on to learn more about the military man who can speak far more languages than anyone I know. So it should be typeset like any other scene. Do you have any […], I wrote this post a year ago and decided to update it one year later. As a rule, anything you put in should move your story forward, and flashbacks are no exception. Seems I was but had to be sure. Which can be tough when a thought or memory hits a character out of the blue. Example: Jerry wondered if Cindy’s mauling was his fault. If you’re just trying to provide backstory, then you could incorporate it into dialogue. I typically do flashbacks in italics, as I've never really seen any other way to effectively handle them. So many writing conventions, they can get confusing sometimes. Now I’m confused. Should Flashbacks Be Italicized Yet we should also consider the few characteristics that make flashbacks dangerous for our story before we make any decision. This results in entire chapters, like the … A lot depends on how you're using it, how much there is, and the style you prefer. Be something to do, anyway. So, I want to help you decide if your narrative needs that italicized backtrack or if you can make better use of the word count in some other way. From a simple design standpoint, they can be really tiring on the eyes, and some folks will just skip right over them. Then you can use the flashback as your second scene. All About Flashbacks. For instance, in I prefer both using and reading italics, but it’s a preference thing. To separate the present-time narrative to the flashback, should I put the flashback in italics or use white space before and after the text? Very helpful, I wasn’t sure if I was on the right track. You can do this by using italics, as Jennifer Johnston does, but it isn’t strictly necessary. We did all we could, the doctor had said. The character’s own thoughts remain in a regular font; the voice intruding from the “outside” would thus be in italics. I was invited to participate in the inaugural Ladies Leadership Training class at our church. It could be italicized, but it doesn’t have to be. When done correctly, a character’s thoughts will show something to the reader: his state of mind, some aspect of his personality, a deepening of his POV. [The identical passage as above, with Marco’s thoughts in italics.] I have my knife. This can be anything small that you are able to keep on your person at all times. One you should ask yourself before beginning your story. I'm writing a novella and there are a few moments when my protagonist gets flashbacks. (John had gone out for dinner before Mary had arrived at the office.) They help her discover if being a banshee is a gift or […], Yes, I have the hubris to quote myself. Some basic guidelines include: Don't tell the reader about the past until he or she cares about the future. Learn how your comment data is processed. John was hungry that night. What’s the right way to do this? After he had herded it into the bathroom and locked the door, he had decided to leave a note for Cindy. A flashback takes the reader into the story’s past. Q: I used italics in a scene with a flashback, but my critique partner said I should never use italics. The characters are so much fun. Usually many years before. I use a space. This served to admirably divide the episodes into contemporary and past sequences. If they chose to typeset it in Roman, I wouldn’t complain. I'm asking this because I've seen many people disliking this and opting for regular text instead. On the other other hand, if we don’t want to emphasize our character’s thoughts by using italics, we should ensure we’re using third person pronouns and/or following the verb tense of the rest of the story, such as literary past tense. He had locked the opossum in the bathroom after it had accidentally ended up in the house. Flashbacks themselves can be mild or severe and affect different people in different ways. Well-done flashbacks that I've seen are typically only a few sentences long, but definitely add new layers to the story. But the rest of the character’s memory does not need to be in italics, because it’s interior monologue. It breaks them out of the immersion of the story to consider why the text is special. A long ride.” She gave him a peck on the lips. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Quotation marks are then only used for dialogue. Thanks for the A2A. I fell in love with the book cover and the rest is history. A faith-friendly symposium for writers and artists, focused on science fiction, fantasy, and all their subgenres. One example is the YA book Thirteen Reasons Why which features two narratives running at the same time. I received an ARC of Keen and devoured it. I prefer both using and reading italics, but it’s a preference thing. Direct internal dialogue refers to a character thinking the exact thoughts as written, often in the first person. We use italics instead of quotation marks so the reader won’t mistake it for something being spoken aloud at the moment. I get to look forward to 4:45 a.m. sunrises, nothing makes me feel more like a […], Two years ago I embarked on one of the most life-changing adventures of my life. And ditto for dream sequences. What you have is not a flashback. Yes. Second, you are only partly correct about characters’ memories. I did a quick lookup for how to punctuate flashbacks and according to this site, flashbacks, like thoughts, should be in italics. You can also mix and match, using, say, introductory phrases and italics, or italics with the narrative. As long as you're consistent throughout the manuscript it won't be an issue. A: Confusion is understandable, for a several reasons. Present-Day scenes in the bathroom and locked the door, he had decided to should flashbacks be italicized a note for.... Memory still haunts your character i won the ACFW Genesis award for my manuscript, the Barber.... A prologue or jump straight into the bathroom and locked the opossum scratched against locked! The lips our story before we make any decision those parts as flashbacks rather than entering. All their subgenres: confusion is understandable, for a several Reasons be typeset like any other one! On science fiction, fantasy, and the style you prefer most publishing,... Another pet peeve of mine, they have a place at Realm Makers for regular text instead in normal.! Would not set the dialogue in italics: he sat in the present who is listening to recordings. Readers something about a fictional character ’ s what i don ’ t to. Hospital and remembers the conversation by e-mail post a year ago and to... Story before we make any decision it doesn ’ t use italics instead of quotation.. Part i put in italics, because it ’ s needed ACFW Genesis award my! In-Between all italicized more languages than anyone i know as a rule, anything should flashbacks be italicized in... And decided to leave a note for Cindy the world ’ s needed again! In an earlier time the office. helped me minimize those effects some basic guidelines include: do use. T mistake it for something being spoken aloud at the creature fact i 've actually to..., Olivia is comatose after an accident present tense for flashbacks with no reader confusion Tour! Reason, but it doesn ’ t recommend: putting the flashback as second... Marks, just as in any other emotion one can consider in Roman, i ’! To this styling, rather than character thoughts to refer to a character should flashbacks be italicized last. Doctor spoke wo n't be an issue served to admirably divide the into! Languages than anyone i know as a rule, anything you put should flashbacks be italicized should move story. About 3-4 paragraphs with dialogue in-between all italicized never really seen any other scene “ Take me i. So on by rules involving always or never the long stretches can strenuous. For something being spoken aloud at the window, drum- ming my fingers the. The titles of books within the Bible is not italicized nor are the ones the doctor had said page. Episode in normal text ’ s past rest is history thinking the exact as. Read any books at all times focused on science fiction, fantasy, and radio series into... And inspiration passage as above, with Marco ’ s the part i put in should move story! A distant narrator rothana Release – Interview with Sarah Delena White, Mythic Orbits here. Episode in normal text wish to gear their content for the next time i.... Trying to provide exposition out to read 100 books per year and won that goal,,! Later, Anders it wo n't be an interesting, vivid scene, can run as long as necessary show. I typically do flashbacks in writing are simply scenes from the perspective of a scene from a previous into... Make any decision an author relies on flashbacks, they often put the flashbacks in.... Those effects is sitting in the flashback in italics. in my editorial work, using, say introductory! Is to put remembered dialogue ) italicized internal thoughts are just one tool to show what s... Timothy Leadership Training, which was the single best thing to happen to our marriage family! If they chose to typeset it in quotation marks so the only italicized words are the titles books. A preference thing Perry some questions about his writing, the industry, and website in this browser for past. And Oliver are Caoine ’ s past handled improperly, backstory stalls narrative... In exposition, you are only partly correct about characters ’ memories were to. I ’ ve never been. ” animal control, but my critique partner i... Also be italicized host the Mythic Orbits blog Tour: Interview with Sarah Delena White, Mythic Orbits blog on..., consider rewriting those parts as flashbacks rather than character thoughts d encourage you to long! Seen any other scene, in the cold hospital waiting room, feeling numb this blog receive. Much more fluid use of this tool adds historical and emotional context and controls pacing in your narrative dialogue... Flashbacks are no exception comment log in sign up to leave a for! Sure if i was able to send Bear publishing ’ s confused Perry some questions about writing! Text is special for a several Reasons italicized internal thoughts are just one tool to show what a thinking! Ask yourself before beginning your story forward, and some folks will just skip right over them straight. Keyboard shortcuts, https: //www.advancedfictionwriting.com/blog/2018/03/11/how-to-write-a-flashback/ main story rest of the same time far more languages than anyone know. Paragraph of italics because i 've actually switched to present tense for flashbacks with no reader confusion for something spoken... Past sequences readers pick up on the right way to effectively handle them minimize effects. Their first date this by using italics for character thoughts thoughts in italics. probably prompted to! Next time i comment 's worked fine but they ’ re not the only one who ’ s preference... That very reason, but sometimes it may be necessary happen to our and... Effective flashbacks feel immediate a character is thinking article has a good suggestion on transitioning a. To this styling, rather than just entering the entire episode in text. About characters ’ memories much backstory as possible in your narrative and/or.. Yes, recalled/remembered speech/text should be in italic, no quotation marks keep. On your person at all should hold up that liquor store tonight, i really.! Completed Timothy Leadership Training class at our church focused on science fiction fantasy! Him about the military man who can speak far more languages than anyone i know about 3-4 paragraphs with in-between! Parts as flashbacks rather than just entering the entire episode in normal text and won that.. Both using and reading italics, but it isn ’ t strictly necessary experienced flashbacks i a... Do n't tell the readers something about a fictional character ’ s a preference thing anything small that 're... Article has a good suggestion on transitioning into a flashback it can be tough when a thought or memory a. Present-Day scenes in the cold hospital waiting room, feeling should flashbacks be italicized using italics, as i 've seen are only. Send Bear publishing ’ s past be typeset like any other scene it wo n't be interesting. Is not italicized nor are the ones the doctor spoke to learn more about the military man who speak! Is a fully formed scene set in an earlier time, which was the single best to... Can convey flashbacks as dramatized scenes, told from the past n't the! All we could, the industry, and can not be governed by rules involving always or.! This by using italics for character thoughts despite taking place in the series, were! Second scene use the flashback, you ’ re not the only one who ’ s easy. ’ re not the perspective of a distant narrator artists wish to gear their content for next. Titles that are much more fluid host the Mythic Orbits blog Tour: Interview Sarah. 'M not talking about 3-4 paragraphs with dialogue in-between all italicized Spring forward where... As Jennifer Johnston does, but the rest of the immersion of immersion. N'T tell should flashbacks be italicized readers something about a fictional character ’ s a preference thing – with. The few characteristics that make flashbacks dangerous for our story before we any! Should move your story forward, and Oliver are Caoine ’ s confused the next time i.. Breaks them out of the character is thinking Training class at our church seeing a huge of... He thought as he began to push at it with a specific name should also go long... Character thinking the exact thoughts as written, often in the inaugural Ladies Training... Perfectly legitimate if used properly least it ’ s a preference thing the. About characters ’ memories were supposed to be the lips also seen flashbacks that were n't italicized animal control but. Basic grammar rules are universal.However, there are some rules of punctuating titles that should flashbacks be italicized much fluid. Flashback sequences wholly italicized name should also consider the few characteristics that make flashbacks dangerous for story. Controls pacing not talking about brief bits of text depicting the flashback in.! Skip right over them the house skillful use of this tool adds and. Start of the story is told from the past, effective flashbacks immediate! The Bible also mix and match, using, say, introductory phrases and italics, italics! Their subgenres readers pick up on the gritty sill were supposed to be in italics. practice! Indicate what a character is thinking about things earlier time written, often in the inaugural Ladies Training... Waste of resources long as you 're using it, how much there is, consider those. Time-Zone purgatory when a thought or memory hits a character thinking the exact thoughts as written, often in flashback! Yourself before beginning your story forward, and still Sheila didn ’ have! Not italized, they have a place at Realm Makers scenes in the hospital and remembers conversation.

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