More recently, governors have requested and r… Forty-three people were killed and 7,000 were arrested. The last time the act was used was to quell the 1992 Rodney King protests in Los Angeles, after four police officers were acquitted after brutally beating King to the ground for 15 minutes. Trump was the best president we’ve had and it’s time for us to stand up for him, peacefully! The Insurrection Act of 1807 allows the U.S. president to deploy the military Credit: AFP or licensors 4 Trump senior legal adviser Jenna Ellis also rejected the claim The communist-run Democrat Party has been used for decades to execute a slow-motion controlled demolition of the 50 states, so now their NWO plan is nearly complete. Comments Rather than requesting federal law enforcement, many states across the nation have opted to send in the National Guard, which is a state-commanded entity. Paul Slade/Hulton Archive/Getty Images. However, after the 2020 election results and President-elect Joe Biden's win, Trump supporters called for the Act to be used and many others responded by calling it unlawful. Its last invocation seems to have been in 1992, CRS says, when riots broke out in Los Angeles after white police officers were acquitted of beating Rodney King, a Black man. The event led King to suffer from permanent brain damage, broken bones, and skull fractures. Washington DC, President Trump’s threat to invoke the Insurrection Act of 1807 means the statute could be used for the first time in the 21st century. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. The Insurrection Act of 1807 is a way around the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits the president from deploying the military in domestic situations. However, it has happened under several presidents, not just Abraham Lincoln, who had to use the military to stop a full-scale rebellion. The Insurrection Act of 1807 is a way around the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits the president from deploying the military in domestic situations. Both Presidents George H.W. Pete Wilson, President George George H.W. Numerous U.S. Presidents invoked the Insurrection Act to quell race and labor riots. Bush wanted to invoke the Insurrection Act, which would have allowed him to take control over all armed forces deployed, including Louisiana’s National Guard troops. The Insurrection Act of 1807 allows the president to deploy the military on U.S. soil to stop an insurrection or violent uprising. Pete Wilson, President George George H.W. I have not spoken to ONE person over the past 6 months that is a Biden supporter and I’m in Chicago!!! Bush wanted to invoke the Insurrection Act, which would have allowed him to take control over all armed forces deployed, including Louisiana’s National Guard troops. Describing the protests as dangerous and destructive, Trump insinuated that he would use his authority to send in active duty troops to suppress them. The are four sections of the law. KEY POINTS. Addressing the nation from the White House Rose Garden on Monday, President Donald Trump threatened to use active duty military force to quell protests against police brutality that have swept the nation. The events which occurred have variously been described as treason, insurrection, sedition, domestic terrorism, an attempt by Trump to carry out a coup d'état or self-coup, and the biggest challenge to American democracy since the Civil War. But there are two Insurrection Act provisions that can be invoked by the president irrespective of a state’s request or underlying desires. That’s what all this is leading up to. Therefore, it’s of paramount importance for president Trump to act decisively and expeditiously. Getty Images. It was the second time Bush invoked the act; the first was in 1989, to help put a stop to rioting in the US Virgin Islands after Hurricane Hugo. An 1807 law has allowed previous presidents to bolster federal hard power at moments of domestic crisis. He said the Insurrection Act had not been used since 1992, partly because of the unpopularity of using troops for domestic purposes. The 19th is almost here… At the request of California governor Pete Wilson. Additionally, military veterans have scrutinized Trump's call for a heavy-handed militant response, and many protesters have seen it as a violation of their Constitutional right to assemble. POTUS and white hats had to show the people the truth and that all options to correct the fraud had been expended before invoking the Act, however. The communist-run Democrat Party has been used for decades to execute a slow-motion controlled demolition of the 50 states, so now their NWO plan is nearly complete. Ringo HW Chiu/AP Images. Still, the act has been invoked to powerful effect many times, including in recent decades. Trump threatens to deploy 'heavily armed' US military to crush George Floyd protests, Police have clashed with protesters throughout the ongoing demonstrations across the US against police brutality and racism in the country, sparked by the recent deaths of George Floyd, Ahmaud Arbery and Breonna Taylor, But while some cities have called in the National Guard to help calm the situation, the protests continue – and so Mr Trump, Police clash with people protesting over racism and police brutality, {{#verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}} {{^verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}}. President Donald Trump has threatened to deploy active duty military troops in states to quell George Floyd protests against police brutality. He said the Insurrection Act had not been used since 1992, partly because of the unpopularity of … How past presidents have used the Insurrection Act, which Trump could invoke to crack down on the protests against police brutality Natalie Colarossi Jun 4, 2020, 9:42 AM In the most recent instances of a president invoking the Insurrection Act, George H.W. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium. On Wednesday, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper spoke in opposition to the use of active duty soldiers, calling it a "last resort. Numerous U.S. Presidents invoked the Insurrection Act to quell race and labor riots. Both Presidents … ", "If a city or a state refuses to take the actions that are necessary to defend the life and property of their residents," he continued, "then I will deploy the United States military and quickly solve the problem for them. since, “No Rules Rules: Netflix and the Culture of Reinvention”. The Insurrection Act can be invoked at the request of a state, but other provisions of the law suggest that the president can invoke it regardless of a governor or state legislature's consent. Among them is the Insurrection Act of 1807, which authorises the president to commit military forces to deal with an insurrection or civil disturbance. § 334.4. For more than a week, protests sparked by the death of George Floyd have gripped the country, as people demand justice for Floyd and countless other victims of police killings in the US. The 19th is almost here… I do not support invoking the Insurrection Act.". The 213-year-old law allows a president to "call forth the militia for the purpose of suppressing" an insurrection. Presidents have leeway to use military for domestic purposes. 21\ So we’re just waiting on the SCOTUS rulings and the invocation of the Insurrection Act. Subscriber In another incident involving segregated education in the South, John F. Kennedy used his authority under the act to federalise the Mississippi national guard when violent crowds assembled to stop the integration of the University of Mississippi, or “Ole Miss”. President Thomas Jefferson signed the Insurrection Act into law in 1807. But the Insurrection Act itself has been invoked at least 19 times since its inception in 1807 — on average, every 11 years, by 11 presidents. President Donald Trump has threatened to deploy active duty military troops in states to quell George Floyd protests against police brutality. The Insurrection Act of 1807 is a United States federal law that empowers the President of the United States to deploy U.S. military and federalized National Guard troops within the United States in particular circumstances, such as to suppress civil disorder, insurrection, or rebellion.. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. It grants the president the power to deploy military troops to suppress uprisings on US soil. Due to the sheer scale of this comment community, we are not able to give each post the same level of attention, but we have preserved this area in the interests of open debate. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. KEY POINTS. Account active In 1991, four police officers were recorded savagely kicking and beating King with batons for over 15 minutes. The Insurrection Act, which President Donald Trump threatened to use against people protesting the death of George Floyd, was last used during the Los Angeles riots in 1992. Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? Getty Images. President Donald Trump threatened Monday night to invoke the Insurrection Act of 1807 law and take the unusual step of deploying active duty US soldiers to police US streets. “A lot of people reporting on this. The legislature was not in session and Blanco refused. I sure hope he puts the insurrection act in place. They're deploying the National Guard and more police rather than imagining a different model, like peacekeeping forces, working with community organizations to bring calm," she told Vox. Kennedy was able to use the Insurrection Act by declaring the state's resistance as an unlawful assembly, since it directly violated a court order. As the protests over the death of George Floyd have spread across the US, many of them seeing vandalism, looting and police violence, Donald Trump has spent days calling for “law and order”. But under the terms of the act, he had to get the assent of the legislature or the governor of the state. So far, Trump has not issued a proclamation or specifically named the Insurrection Act in public. With consent of the mayor, Jackson sent in three army artillery companies and members of the Navy to end the two-day rebellion for freedom. Trump threatened to deploy the … As the scale of what was happening became clear, Lyndon B. Johnson was relayed a message from Michigan governor George Romney that state and local forces were overwhelmed. But the Insurrection Act itself has been invoked at least 19 times since its inception in 1807 — on average, every 11 years, by 11 presidents. as well as other partner offers and accept our, Yasin Ozturk/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images. You must act NOW as a wartime President, pursuant to your oath to defend the Constitution, which is very similar to the oath all of us veterans swore. In other words, if the president can make an argument that federal law is being violated or that states aren't protecting the rights of its citizens, the law can be ordered without a local official's request. Army paratroopers move into Detroit from nearby Selfridge Air Force Base during the riots of 1967. COMMENTARY. By clicking ‘Sign up’, you agree to receive marketing emails from Business Insider The Insurrection Act has been used dozens of times since it was first established, according to a review from the Congressional Research Service. At the request of California governor Pete Wilson, George H.W. The law has been used in rare and extreme cases throughout U.S. history. After long-simmering tensions over policing and racism boiled over after a raid on an unlicensed bar. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. The marshals were met with resistance from state police forces and rioters, so Kennedy ordered for the federalization of the Mississippi National Guard and commanded active Army troops to move in. Trump cited the Insurrection Act of 1807 as legal justification for sending troops into states. Claim: President Trump has invoked the Insurrection Act and will remain in office "indefinitely" until "all domestic enemies are arrested." Read our full mailing list consent terms here. Martin Luther King Jr. To do so, he would be invoking the Insurrection Act of 1807 — a law that grants the president the power to deploy military troops on US soil if a situation is deemed threatening enough. At least 43 people died in the riots, and well over 7,000 were arrested. In 1831, President Andrew Jackson deployed the military to squash a slave rebellion led by Nat Turner in Virginia, the Washington Post reported. The use of military force and heavy police presence failed to address the actual problems at hand, Thompson explained — and the way authorities are responding to the current protests over Floyd's killing is following the same pattern. POTUS and white hats had to show the people the truth and that all options to correct the fraud had been expended before invoking the Act, however. In 1871, Congress reformed the Insurrection Act to allow the president to use military troops to enforce civil rights. On the night that James Meredith arrived to become the university’s first black student, he was greeted by a crowd of around 3,000 white people assembled to violently protest his arrival. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. Ironically, presidents have actually relied upon these provisions to uphold civil rights and protect the rights of minorities in the Deep South during the 1950s and 1960s. Black students are provided with a military escort when entering and leaving Little Rock Central High School, Arkansas, following the school's desegregation, 1957. It was the second time Bush invoked the act; the first was in 1989, to help put a stop to rioting in the US Virgin Islands after Hurricane Hugo. It is not clear that Trump could legally invoke the act if governors object to having the military deployed in their states. President Trump Must Use Insurrection Act to “Stop the Steal” and Defeat the Coup December 18, 2020. COMMENTARY. We will end it now," Trump said on Monday, encouraging mayors and governors to deploy the National Guard to "dominate the streets. Here's what to know about the 213-year-old law. The next year, Johnson deployed federal troops to Chicago, Washington, D.C., and Baltimore after protests erupted following the assassination of the Rev. The Insurrection Act of 1807 allows the U.S. president to deploy the military Credit: AFP or licensors 4 Trump senior legal adviser Jenna Ellis also rejected the claim That year, President Ulysses S. Grant sent in an army of 1,000 military soldiers to find and detain active members of the Ku Klux Klan in South Carolina. 7 mins read. In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent in the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation and protect nine black students as they entered Little Rock Central High School — an act that went against the wishes of the governor. ", "The option to use active-duty forces in a law enforcement role should only be used as a matter of last resort and only in the most urgent and dire of situations," he said. The Insurrection Act was last used in 1992, after the brutal police beating of Rodney King sparked protests in Los Angeles. The Act also requires the president to issue a proclamation demanding those participating in the insurrection disperse. Create a commenting name to join the debate, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. A state's legislature or governor, if the legislature cannot convene, can ask the president to invoke the Insurrection Act; The act was used to enforce desegregation orders in the 1960s The Act also requires the president to issue a proclamation demanding those participating in the insurrection disperse. in South Central L.A. Los Angeles has undergone several days of rioting due to the acquittal of the LAPD officers who beat Rodney King. The U.S. federal law allows the president to deploy military troops within the nation to suppress civil disorder, insurrection … By 1972, more than 600 Klan members had been detained, with most convicted in federal court, according to the Post. Here's what to know about the 213-year-old law. While military troops are usually not permitted to be involved in domestic law enforcement, there are laws that allow the federal government to intervene militarily in case of disorder. The Insurrection Act, which President Donald Trump threatened to use against people protesting the death of George Floyd, was last used during the Los Angeles riots in 1992. Which translates to the immediate invocation of the Insurrection Act. The Insurrection Act consists of four statutes enacted at different times for different reasons that, when considered as a whole, provide the power that Presidents have used many times as the legal basis for using troops to enforce the law. Numerous U.S. Presidents invoked the Insurrection Act to quell race and labor riots. In its 213-year history, the act has been used dozens of times, often in situations pertaining to racism and segregation. ", Armed with machine guns and grenade launchers, National Guard soldiers hold a line on Crenshaw blvd. Bush invoked the act via an executive order on the third day of the riots, and thousands of federal troops were sent to the city to back up the many thousands of National Guard troops already deployed. The Insurrection Act of 1807 allows the president to deploy the military on U.S. soil to stop an insurrection or violent uprising. Having soldiers on the streets across America is exactly what President Trump wants. President Donald Trump threatened Monday night to invoke the Insurrection Act of 1807 law and take the unusual step of deploying active duty US soldiers to police US streets. He's made that very clear on a call this morning.". In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was invoked during labor conflicts. Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate? U.S. presidents have invoked the Insurrection Act dozens of times over the years, especially during riots over civil rights in the 1960s, as the Congressional Research Service reports. Just one year after it was signed into law, Jefferson used the act throughout New York and Vermont to enforce his wildly unpopular the Embargo Act, which banned Americans from exporting goods. I have not spoken to ONE person over the past 6 months that is a Biden supporter and I’m in Chicago!!! In most cases, Black Lives Matter demonstrations have been peaceful and passionate displays of community; in some cases, they have turned violent following law enforcement's use of excessive force and the actions of some agitators. At the request of California Gov. However, after the 2020 election results and President-elect Joe Biden's win, Trump supporters called for the Act to be used and many others responded by calling it unlawful. You can also choose to be emailed when someone replies to your comment. Meredith was guarded by hundreds of federal agents, but a riot soon erupted and further military police were deployed. In order to invoke the Insurrection Act, the president “must first issue a proclamation ordering the insurgents to disperse within a limited time, 10 U.S.C. President Trump warned he would send the U.S. military to any state that refused to take action against the riots be enacting the Insurrection Act of 1807. The nation watched as footage of the beating was televised across the country. FPG/Hulton Archive/Getty Images. Indeed, when President Donald Trump threatened to invoke the Insurrection Act, and send the National Guard in response to the George Floyd riots, including, for example, to address Seattle’s failure to restore law and order over the so-called “autonomous zone,” then-Defense Secretary Mark Esper openly stated his disagreement with the president. The legislature was not in session and Blanco refused. Washington DC, President Trump’s threat to invoke the Insurrection Act of 1807 means the statute could be used for the first time in the 21st century. Another 2,000 people were injured, and 6,000 were arrested. "We are not in one of those situations now. After long-simmering tensions over policing and racism boiled over after a raid on an unlicensed bar, Detroit was rocked by some of the worst rioting and widespread police brutality the US had seen in a century. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. § 334.4. The original text of the act , which has been amended several times since … The protests continued for five straight days and resulted in excessive police force. You must act NOW as a wartime President, pursuant to your oath to defend the Constitution, which is very similar to the oath all of us veterans swore. Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. It’s better to wage it with you as Commander-in-Chief than to have you comply with a fraudulent election, leave office, and leave the White House in the hands of illegitimate usurpers and Chinese puppets. Which translates to the immediate invocation of the Insurrection Act. A state's legislature or governor, if the legislature cannot convene, can ask the president to invoke the Insurrection Act; The act was used to enforce desegregation orders in the 1960s The law acts as an exception to the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878, which prohibits the military from policing throughout the country, unless Congress authorizes it. In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson sent members of the army and federalized National Guard to protect civil rights marchers who were headed from Selma, Alabama, to Montgomery. Terminology, allegations of treason. "If you have 75+ cities burning, what does it say that from the leadership at every level, the only response has been more police? "Our goal, and the goal of the overwhelming number of protesters should be to reduce violence," said Gov. But the Insurrection Act has also been used to suppress protests in an aggressive manner. The U.S. federal law allows the president to deploy military troops within the nation to suppress civil disorder, insurrection and rebellion, among other threats. Four times US presidents have used the Insurrection Act to stop riots, You may not agree with our views, or other users’, but please respond to them respectfully, Swearing, personal abuse, racism, sexism, homophobia and other discriminatory or inciteful language is not acceptable, Do not impersonate other users or reveal private information about third parties, We reserve the right to delete inappropriate posts and ban offending users without notification. Get it now on Libro.fm using the button below. President Dwight D. Eisenhower federalised the entire Arkansas national guard and sent in the 101st Airborne Division to protect the students as they arrived for class. Bush, after Peter Wilson, then-governor of California, requested help to … Indeed, when President Donald Trump threatened to invoke the Insurrection Act, and send the National Guard in response to the George Floyd riots, including, for example, to address Seattle’s failure to restore law and order over the so-called “autonomous zone,” then-Defense Secretary Mark Esper openly stated his disagreement with the president. “The Insurrection Act has been signed by President Trump — it’s been confirmed by many different people,” Jaco claims in the video. "We are ending the riots and lawlessness that has spread throughout our country. ", National Guard troops form a line in a street to enforce the nation's first desegregation at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Stephen F. Somerstein/Getty Images. "Whenever the President considers that unlawful obstructions, combinations, or assemblages, or rebellion against the authority of the United States, make it impracticable to enforce the laws of the United States in any State by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, he may call into Federal service such of the militia of any State, and use such of the armed forces, as he considers necessary to enforce those laws or to suppress the rebellion.". Its last invocation seems to have been in 1992, CRS says, when riots broke out in Los Angeles after white police officers were acquitted of beating Rodney King, a Black man. Here are four times it’s been used – both with states’ consent and without it. To do that, the president would need to invoke what's known as the Insurrection Act of 1807. The Insurrection Act has been invoked throughout American history. Trump was the best president we’ve had and it’s time for us to stand up for him, peacefully! By the end of the riots, 50 people had died, 10 of whom were killed by the LAPD and members of the National Guard, NPR reported. It’s better to wage it with you as Commander-in-Chief than to have you comply with a fraudulent election, leave office, and leave the White House in the hands of illegitimate usurpers and Chinese puppets. Therefore, it’s of paramount importance for president Trump to act decisively and expeditiously. Ted Soqui/Corbis via Getty Images. In another incident involving segregated education in the South. Sparked by the acquittal of four police officers who had brutally beaten a black man, Rodney King, the Los Angeles riots saw several days of social disorder and violence, much of it along racial lines. In 1967, Johnson sent in the US army to help quell the Detroit uprising — a five-day standoff between law enforcement and protesters fighting against police brutality and institutional racism. Certain of his predecessors have done so in cases where states were depriving their citizens of their civil rights, but it’s hard to see how the administration could use the same pretext in the context of what’s happening now. But under the terms of the act, he had to get the assent of the legislature or the governor of the state. An 1807 law has allowed previous presidents to bolster federal hard power at moments of domestic crisis, Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile. The controversial law gives the President some power to bring in troops to police the American people. Most of the time, the Insurrection Act has been used in matters pertaining to race. In order to invoke the Insurrection Act, the president “must first issue a proclamation ordering the insurgents to disperse within a limited time, 10 U.S.C. Both Presidents George H.W. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. "You don't defuse violence by putting soldiers on our streets. 7 mins read. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? A US Army convoy moves past fraternity houses at the University of Mississippi as marshals arrive to enforce a Federal Court allowing African American James Meredith to enroll at the university. on the third day of the riots, and thousands of federal troops were sent to the city to back up the many thousands of National Guard troops already deployed. I sure hope he puts the insurrection act in place. Congress long ago provided for just that by passing the Insurrection Act which delegates that decision and power to you, as President and Commander-in-Chief. 21\ So we’re just waiting on the SCOTUS rulings and the invocation of the Insurrection Act. Federal Army troops guard civil rights marchers striding along route 80, the Jefferson Davis Highway during the Selma to Montgomery Civil Rights March on March 25, 1965 in Montgomery, Alabama. Protests began after the verdict was announced, and throughout Los Angeles, residents set fires, looted, and damaged property. The existing Open Comments threads will continue to exist for those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium. Last year, President Donald Trump threatened to invoke the Insurrection Act of 1807 for the first time in the 21st century. Kate Brown of Oregon. But while some cities have called in the National Guard to help calm the situation, the protests continue – and so Mr Trump has now proposed a military intervention. Both protest movements were a result of deep-rooted racial injustice and a collective action to fight back, Heather Ann Thompson, a professor of history and Afro-American and African Studies at the University of Michigan, told Vox. and George W. Bush, … That’s what all this is leading up to. A leading-edge research firm focused on digital transformation. Later in the 20th century, it was used to enforce federally mandated desegregation, with Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy invoking the Act in opposition to the affected states' political leaders to enforce court-ordered desegregation. President Trump Must Use Insurrection Act to “Stop the Steal” and Defeat the Coup December 18, 2020. Bush, … Trump cited the Insurrection Act to “ stop the Steal and... First established, according to a review from the Congressional Research Service invoked by the president to use for..., “ No Rules Rules: Netflix and the Culture of Reinvention ” in 1871 Congress... To delete this comment request of California National Guard soldiers hold a line Crenshaw! Undergone several days of rioting due to the immediate invocation of the unpopularity of using troops for purposes! Trump to Act decisively and expeditiously SCOTUS rulings and the invocation of the LAPD officers who Rodney. Our Community Guidelines in full here to know about the 213-year-old law,... Threads when they can to create a true meeting of Independent Premium labor.... To use military for domestic purposes to know about the 213-year-old law Wilson, George H.W and boiled..., governors have requested and r… the Insurrection Act was last invoked 1992..., governors have requested and r… the Insurrection Act was last used in 1992, partly because of Act... Trump to Act decisively and expeditiously call this morning. `` has not issued a proclamation demanding those participating the. Footage of the state or violent uprising with states ’ consent and without.. And adhere to our Community Guidelines of whom were white — were acquitted for the a! The threads when they can to create a true meeting of Independent Premium translates. So when the four officers — three of whom were white — were acquitted for crime! Goal, and damaged property 31 in Los Angeles has undergone several days rioting... Late 19th and early 20th centuries, it ’ s of paramount importance for president Trump wants meredith was by! After a raid on an unlicensed bar for over 15 minutes get the assent of the legislature or the of. Must use Insurrection Act had not been used in 1992 under president George.! In public 1807 for the crime a year later, people were outraged those who do subscribe! For sending troops into states Guidelines in full here Act, he had to the. Want an ad-free experience? subscribe to Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our best —... Looted, and well over 7,000 were arrested No Rules Rules: Netflix and the invocation of the.... Agents, but a riot soon erupted and further military police were deployed federal agents but... Stories — based on your reading preferences under president George H.W asked president! Violence by putting soldiers on the SCOTUS rulings and the goal of the time the... And 6,000 were arrested federal agents, but a riot soon erupted and further military police were deployed the! Military police were deployed a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines can be posted by members of our stories! Into states having soldiers on our streets reference later for the crime year! It ’ s time for US to stand up for him, peacefully readers to debate big! Throughout American history education in the 21st century into how many presidents have used the insurrection act in 1807 more than 600 Klan members been! Invoke the Insurrection Act to allow the president to issue a proclamation or named... Subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles So we ’ ve had and ’. After the brutal police beating of Rodney King president Thomas Jefferson signed the Act. Involving segregated education in the riots of 1967 underlying desires try to to... Invocation of the Act has been used to suppress uprisings on US soil across America is exactly what Trump! Comments threads will continue to exist for those who do not support how many presidents have used the insurrection act the Act...

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