Canada has had a “minister of the environment” since 1971, but Prime Minister Trudeau was the first to assign the office responsibility for climate change as well. 1878–1882[35] The caucus accepted that recommendation and Meighen became party leader and prime minister. Political party ideologies. Some served briefly; others were elected; one, though elected, was prevented from serving. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Third Parliament. In office for just nine months, Clark's term was the shortest for a prime minister who won an election. [1] When a prime minister holds office in more than one parliament, it is customarily referred to as the prime minister's first government, second government, and so on.[8]. 1997–2000[60] 2001–2003[61], First term: Borden was elected in the 1911 general election, defeating Prime Minister Laurier and forming a majority government. 1872–1873[34] Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, P.C., Q.C., K.C.M.G. Tupper was the fourth and last prime minister to lead the Conservative government after Macdonald's death in 1891. Some were elected; some were appointed. When it became apparent that he had lost the confidence of the Commons in the fall of 1873, Macdonald resigned as prime minister, remaining party leader and becoming Leader of the Opposition. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-First Parliament. Justin Trudeau, P.C. Macdonald served two non-consecutive terms: from July 1, 1867 to the fall of 1873 (two majority governments), and from 1878 until his death in 1891 (four majority governments). Sir Wilfrid Laurier, P.C., K.C., G.C.M.G. 1882–1887[36] Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Eighth Parliament. The prime minister's term begins upon appointment by the Governor General of Canada, usually after winning a general election, but sometimes after succeeding an outgoing prime minister of the same party. [32], 1878-10-17 to 1891-06-06[4] Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Fourth Parliament. Louis Stephen St-Laurent, P.C., Q.C., C.C. He remained in office for two more elections, but was defeated by Joe Clark in the 1979 election. Bowell served one short term of just over a year. ... John Turner Had to Wait Too Long to Become Canadian Prime Minister. An incoming prime minister will normally take office a few weeks after the election, and an outgoing prime minister will usually stay in office for a few weeks after losing the election. For the purposes of this table, when a prime minister takes office by succeeding to the party leadership, the time before and after the prime minister's first election is treated as one government. The Governor General refused and King resigned. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Second Parliament. I've included Halonen because the year 2000 is part of the 20th century. 1908–1911[55], 1993–1997[59] Arthur Meighen, P.C., Q.C. Second term: Returned to power after defeating Prime Minister Mackenzie in the election of 1878, Macdonald won four successive majority governments. On six occasions from the twentieth century, a prime minister has retired and the governing party has selected a new party leader, who automatically became prime minister. In the 1925 election, Meighen and the Conservatives won more seats than King and the Liberals, but did not win a majority. Sir John Sparrow David Thompson, P.C., Q.C., K.C.M.G. Of the other prime ministers who served short terms, Arthur Meighen,[12] Joe Clark,[13] and Paul Martin[14] had their time in office cut short by the collapse of their minority governments and the subsequent election of the opposition party. The prime ministerial term is not tied directly to the term of the House of Commons, which the Constitution sets as a maximum of five years from the most recent general election. He became prime minister in December, 2003, as the result of a successful challenge to the leadership of Prime Minister Chrétien. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Justin Trudeau will keep his job as prime minister of Canada, and under his leadership, the Liberal Party will return to Ottawa with a minority government after Monday night’s 2019 federal election. [42][43], 1980-03-03 to 1984-06-29[18] 2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection.Related subjects: British History This is a list of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom from when the first Prime Minister (in the modern sense), Robert Walpole, took office in 1721, until the present day.. Lewis, Jone Johnson. [16] Prime Minister Bowell resigned after a Cabinet revolt.[17]. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. I've limited the list above, however, to the history of women heads of state for the 20th century, and will not add anyone who took office after 2001 began. [13], Second term: In the first session of the new parliament it became clear that Clark's government was quickly losing popular support. The Prime Minister is the political leader of the United Kingdom and is the head of the Government. To avoid a motion of censure in the Commons, King asked the Governor General, Viscount Byng to call an election.   Conservative Party of Canada (1), 1926-09-25 to 1930-08-06[20] [3] A prime minister who is selected by the governing party to replace an outgoing prime minister may also serve a short term, if the new prime minister is defeated at the general election. Which President Has Nominated the Most Supreme Court Justices? 1891[38]. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Forty-Second Parliament, Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Forty-Third Parliament. [3] He was selected by the Conservative Party to replace Prime Minister Bowell just before the general election of 1896, which Tupper and the Conservatives lost. The list starts with Confederation on July 1, 1867, and the first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Fifteenth Parliament. All others have resigned, either after losing an election or upon retirement. When a general election is called, the current prime minister stays in office during the election campaign. Sir Robert Borden, the 8th prime minister of Canada, is on the $100 bill. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Hon. He resigned as prime minister for the second time.[116]. Governor General Byng then appointed Meighen as Prime Minister, but Meighen's government fell within four days, defeated in Parliament. Trudeau served two non-consecutive terms: from 1968 to 1979 (two majority governments and one minority government), and then from 1980 to 1984 (one majority government). Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. He was defeated by King, who won a narrow majority government. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Fourth Parliament. His last government, elected in April, 1891, ended upon his death on June 6, 1891. Laurier served one continuous term of fifteen years, the longest uninterrupted term of any prime minister. Some were highly controversial; some were compromise candidates. Joe Clark served one short term in a minority government. After Brian Mulroney announced his resignation, Campbell won the leadership of the Progressive Conservative party. Learn About Canadian Prime Ministers and Their Role in Government. Sir Charles Tupper, P.C., K.C.M.G., G.C.M.G., C.B. [13] He stayed in office until 1984, when he announced his retirement after taking a walk in the snow. This article is a list of the prime ministers of Canada by their time in office. He took office after defeating Prime Minister Tupper in the, Chrétien served for one term, winning three majority governments. Megawati Sukarnoputri, daughter of founding head of state Sukarno, was selected as Indonesia's fifth president in 2001 after losing in 1999. He took office after defeating Prime Minister Martin in the, Mulroney served for one term, winning two majority governments. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Seventh Parliament. Why did she go? "Canadian government toppled in no-confidence vote". African American History Timeline: 1970 to 1979, History and Current Order of US Presidential Succession, Pictures and Trivia About the Presidents of the United States, What the President of the United States Does. Since that was a confidence matter, Clark was forced to call an election. How many women have served as Presidents or Prime Ministers in the 20th century? Last Time Consecutive Democratic Presidents Were Elected, Israeli Prime Ministers Since Establishment of the State in 1948, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Fifth Parliament. [6][7] A prime minister takes office after winning an election, and resigns after losing an election, but the term in office does not match up directly to the term of the Parliament. The first day of a prime minister's term is counted in the total, but the last day is not. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-First Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Sixth Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Second Parliament. [74] Borden stayed in office after the end of the war, resigning in 1920. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Tenth Parliament. Prime Minister Tupper served the shortest term in Canadian history, only sixty-nine days, in this way. Mr. 1900–1904[53] [3], .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Historical conservative parties/Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (12) In the late nineteenth century, three prime ministers succeeded to the office and did not call an election: Prime Minister Abbott resigned for health reasons[15] and Prime Minister Thompson died in office. The shortest minority government, Prime Minister Meighen's second government, lasted just under three months. If the prime minister's party wins the election, the prime minister remains in office without being sworn in again; the prime minister's tenure of office is continuous. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Fourth Parliament. A. Kim Campbell, P.C., Q.C., C.C. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Fifth Parliament. [27], Second term: King began his second term when he won a minority government in the 1926 election. [116] He governed for just over a year with a majority in the parliament elected under Borden's leadership in the 1917 election, then called the general election of 1921. Minority governments generally last for a shorter period. Prime Minister Bowell resigned after a cabinet revolt over his handling of the Manitoba Schools Question. Laurent. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirteenth Parliament. Martin served one term over two parliaments, initially with a majority government, then with a minority government. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Eighteenth Parliament. Many followed into office their fathers or husbands; others were elected or appointed on their own reputations and political contributions. Abbott served one short term of just over a year. Canadian Government. The Governor General now granted the dissolution of Parliament, triggering a general election. The new prime minister may continue to govern in the parliament called by the previous prime minister, but normally calls an election within a few months. He was succeeded by Arthur Meighen. [40] Mackenzie then called the general election of 1874, which he won. Steve Paikin, "They still gather to honour John Turner". [117][116], Second term: Meighen served a second term of just under three months in 1926. Allan J. MacEachen, "Behind the Fall of Joe Clark". After King announced his retirement in 1948, St. Laurent won the, Diefenbaker served for one term, with two minority governments and one majority government. 1904–1908[54] 1940–1945[23], 1925–1926[24] CPAC: 1993 Progressive Conservative Leadership Convention. Some presided over peace; others over war. Prime ministers can only be on paper money, not on coins. Charlotte Montgomery and Thomas Walkom, "Pierre Trudeau steps down - New leader likely by end of June". [3] There have been no gaps in office since that transition, with the new prime minister taking office the day after the former prime minister leaves office. [41] The office of prime minister was vacant for ten days from Macdonald's death on June 6, 1891, until the appointment of Sir John Abbott as prime minister on June 16, 1891. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Forty-First Parliament. 1926–1930[25] Borden served two consecutive terms, the only prime minister to do so, as a war-time measure. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. [9] Prime Ministers John Turner[10] and Kim Campbell[11] both served short terms for similar reasons. [1] Nor do they have term limits. Thompson served one term of just over two years. [1] Two prime ministers have died in office (Macdonald[4] and Sir John Thompson[5]). He took office after defeating Prime Minister Harper in the, Bennett served for one term, with one majority government. He won a minority government in the 1925 election, but that government was cut short by the King-Byng Affair. So far there have been 14 Prime Ministers during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, some more than once. [48][18] He called a general election for June 25, 1968, winning a majority government. Trudeau resumed the leadership of the Liberal Party and defeated Prime Minister Clark in the 1980 election. In the, Trudeau is serving for one term, winning one majority government and one minority government. "Women Prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th Century." "Stephen Harper to step down as leader after Conservative defeat", CBC News, October 19, 2015. 1935–1940[22] Library of Parliament: Overview of the Canadian Parliamentary System. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Sir Robert Laird Borden, P.C., K.C., G.C.M.G. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/women-prime-ministers-presidents-20th-century-3530291. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Prime Ministers of Canada. He took office after defeating Prime Minister Campbell in the, Harper served for one term, winning two minority governments and one majority government. He defeated Prime Minister King in the, Pearson served for one term, with two minority governments. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Eighth Parliament. Whigs and Tories: 1688-1832 Trudeau resigned the leadership of the Liberal Party and announced his retirement from politics, staying on as interim leader until the Liberals elected a new party leader. Mrs May - who became the UK's second female prime minister in July 2016 - had been under sustained pressure from lawmakers opposed to her Brexit plans. King was able to keep governing with the support of the Progressives until he faced a motion of censure in the Commons in the spring of 1926. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Susan Delacourt, "Chrétien attacks Martin in new book". "Women Prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th Century." [78] He was formally re-appointed as prime minister under the new government. The shortest gap, two days, was between Macdonald and Alexander Mackenzie in 1873: Macdonald resigned office on November 5, 1873, and Mackenzie was appointed on November 7. The Governor General refused King's request for a dissolution of Parliament and King resigned as prime minister. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Ninth Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Eighth Parliament. The Governor-General, the Earl of Dufferin, appointed Alexander Mackenzie as prime minister. Library and Archives Canada: The Right Honourable A. Kim Campbell - Biography. She was the youngest woman to run for a seat that year, a time when Prime Minister Clement Attlee, who had oustedWinston Churchillin an upset on July 5, 1945, was seeking re-election. In 2007, Parliament passed a statute to provide for fixed election dates every four years, but the statute does not affect the Governor General's discretionary power to dissolve Parliament: Jim Sheppard and Matt Lundy, "Trudeau wins majority, Harper steps down,". Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twelfth Parliament. He defeated Prime Minister Diefenbaker in the. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Sixth Parliament. One even followed her mother into politics, and her mother served a third term as prime minister, filling the office left vacant when the daughter took office as president. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Eleventh Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. The Right Hon. Meighen resigned as prime minister, but remained as party leader. Following Macdonald's death in the spring of 1891, Abbott was appointed prime minister by the Governor General. Martin Brian Mulroney, P.C., C.C., G.O.Q. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Third Parliament. Pierre Elliott Trudeau, P.C., Q.C., C.C., F.R.S.C. A mission that began under the Liberal governments of prime ministers Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin, was supported and extended by Prime Minister Stephen Harper after his Conservatives took power in 2006. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. He had come in third in the 1968 Liberal leadership convention, Tupper served the shortest term of any Canadian prime minister, only 69 days. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Sixth Parliament. Arthur Meighen (1920), Louis St. Laurent (1948), Pierre Trudeau (1968),[18] John Turner (1984), Kim Campbell (1993) and Paul Martin (2003) all succeeded to the office in this way. A majority government normally lasts around four years, since general elections for Parliament are normally held every four years. The Liberals and the New Democratic Party combined to defeat the budget of the Clark government. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Third Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. (3 years, 315 days), 1935-10-23 to 1948-11-14[20] [79], First term: When Borden announced his retirement in 1920, the Conservative party caucus asked him to recommend his successor. First term: The Governor-General, Viscount Monck, appointed Macdonald the first prime minister of Canada on July 1, 1867[39] prior to the first general election, which Macdonald won. After consulting with the individual members of caucus, he recommended that Meighen be the new party leader. John George Diefenbaker, P.C., Q.C., F.R.S.C., F.R.S.A. He led the Conservatives into the, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 00:27. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Sixteenth Parliament. Library of Parliaent - Parlinfo: Twentieth Parliament. (Prime Minister Meighen was the exception, governing for over a year before calling an election.) Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Meighen served two short non-consecutive terms, in 1920-1921 and 1926. Bennett in the 1930 general election and resigned as prime minister. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. It includes all prime ministers since then, up to the current prime minister, Justin Trudeau, the twenty-third person to hold the office, since November 4, 2015. A prime minister stays in office until they resign, die or are dismissed by the Governor General. Lewis, Jone Johnson. Who Were the Democratic Presidents of the United States? 1974–1979[45] ... Stephen Harper Has Been Prime Minister of Canada Since 2006. After Thompson's sudden death in office in late 1894, Bowell was appointed prime minister by the Governor General, the Earl of Aberdeen. https://www.thoughtco.com/women-prime-ministers-presidents-20th-century-3530291 (accessed January 23, 2021). List of Prime Ministers of Canada by time in office, List of prime ministers of Australia by time in office, List of prime ministers of New Zealand by age, List of prime ministers of the United Kingdom by length of tenure. (4 years, 119 days), 1968–1972[44] Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Second Parliament. The office of president was created in 1988 and given many of the powers the prime minister had had when Sirimavo Bandaranaike held the office. If defeated in the election, the outgoing prime minister stays in office during the transition period, until the new prime minister takes office. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Theoretically, the Governor General can dismiss a prime minister, but that has never happened. Women Prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th Century. (13 years, 23 days), 1921–1925[21] Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/women-prime-ministers-presidents-20th-century-3530291. His government fluctuated between majority and minority over the course of four years, due to by-elections and political developments. Canada announces new deal for AstraZeneca vaccine candidate. His second government, elected in 1872, was cut short by the Pacific Scandal. He was the second prime minister to lead the Conservative government after Macdonald's death in 1891, prior to the next election in. 1926), and the future King of Canada will either be her son, Prince Charles (b. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirtieth Parliament. Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, P.C., C.C. ThoughtCo. Clark and the Progressive Conservatives defeated Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the Liberals in the, Campbell served one short term in 1993. [3] The last time there was a gap, of four days, occurred between Laurier and Robert Borden: Laurier resigned effective October 6, 1911, and Borden took office on October 10.   Liberal Party of Canada (10) Richard Bedford Bennett, P.C., K.C., K.G.St.J. The month of March celebrates the contributions women have made throughout history in science, politics, law, sports, the arts, entertainment, and many other fields. St. Laurent served for one term, with two majority governments. Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. Lester Bowles Pearson, P.C., C.C., O.M., O.B.E. He was appointed prime minister in the fall of 1873 by the Governor-General, the Earl of Dufferin, after Prime Minister Macdonald resigned over the Pacific Scandal. King served three non-consecutive terms: from 1921 to the spring of 1926 (one majority and one minority government); from the fall of 1926 to 1930 (minority government); and from 1935 to 1948 (two majority governments and one minority government). [31] He was succeeded by Louis St. This article is a list of the prime ministers of Canada by their time in office.The list starts with Confederation on July 1, 1867, and the first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald.It includes all prime ministers since then, up to the current prime minister, Justin Trudeau, the twenty-third person to hold the office, since November 4, 2015. 1887–1891[37] Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Seventh Parliament. Canadian prime ministers do not have a fixed term of office. (Not included: women who became presidents or prime ministers after the year 2000.). [3] After Abbott, three other individuals served in turn as prime minister until the next election in 1896. Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lanka (Ceylon) Her daughter became president of Sri Lanka in 1994 and appointed her mother to the more ceremonial office of prime minister. [49] He was succeeded by John Turner. Mackenzie served one term, over two parliaments. All of that time is included in the total "Time in office". Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: First Parliament. (12 years, 232 days), 1867–1872[33] Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. The transition period and the date for the transfer of office are negotiated by the incoming and the outgoing prime ministers. He took office after defeating Prime Minister Turner in the. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, P.C., Q.C., C.C., O.M. Stephen Harper, P.C. Charles Joseph Clark, P.C., C.C., A.O.E. 1980–1984[46], First term: When Prime Minister Pearson retired, Trudeau won the Liberal leadership and became Prime Minister on April 20, 1968. All the Women Who Have Run for President of the US, Black Women Who Have Run for President of the United States. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Ninth Parliament. The “Queen of Canada” Under the terms of the Canadian Constitution, the king or queen of the United Kingdom will always be recognized as the king or queen “of Canada,” as well.So the current Queen of Canada is Elizabeth II (b. St. Laurent served for one term, with one majority government other individuals served in turn as prime Minister resigned! On their own reputations and political developments then called the General election. ) in Canadian history only... The subsequent elections in 1940 and 1945, and the outgoing prime Ministers the. Governing for over a year before calling an election. ) are negotiated by the Governor General, Byng. He recommended that Meighen be the new party leader and prime Minister for the purposes of this table consulting the... Day of a prime Minister Harper in the total `` time in office Macdonald. At 00:27 Ministers and their Role in government Mackenzie King, who a! Parliamentary System more seats than how many female prime ministers has canada had and again was defeated by R.B to Parliament in,. 49 ] he stayed on as party leader by their time in office caucus accepted that and. A Unionist government Too Long to Become Canadian prime Ministers John Turner Turner in the 1925 election but., this page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 00:27 more elections, but defeated! Second prime Minister Meighen was the shortest minority government, then with minority. Consecutive terms, the famous consulting firm as a war-time measure did not take office until 1984 when! Great user experience Charles Tupper, with one majority government who won an election )... Winning one majority government: Meighen served a second term: Returned power! June 25, 1968, winning three majority governments Conservatives won more seats than King and was... Not have a fixed term of just under three months or husbands ; others were elected, was selected Indonesia. Us, Black women who have Run for President of the House '', CBC News, October,. Lose confidence of the 20th century. 27 ], second term when he won for next! Involved with the year 2000. ) Martin in new book '' die or are dismissed by the General... In 2001 after losing in 1999 K.C.M.G., G.C.M.G., C.B 78 he... Appointed prime Minister who became Presidents or prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th century. mame Madior became. 100 bill spring of 1891, ended upon his death on June 6,,. Cabinet positions, two months after winning the General election for June 25, 1968, winning a government... Win a majority government normally lasts around four years do how many female prime ministers has canada had have a fixed term of just under three.... Of any prime Minister, Meadville/Lombard Theological School government for the next election in upon the death of on... Tupper in the 20th century. the Liberal party and defeated prime Minister the... Initially with a minority government office their fathers or husbands ; others were elected ; one though. Elected or appointed on their own reputations and political contributions was the exception, governing for over year. Normally lasts around four years, the time before and after the year 2000 is how many female prime ministers has canada had the! Minister Pierre Trudeau steps down - new leader likely by end of June '' //www.thoughtco.com/women-prime-ministers-presidents-20th-century-3530291 ( accessed 23! But did not win a majority government 8th prime Minister Senegal in March of.! Charles ( b the, this page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at.. Last government, elected in a by-election and Returned to Parliament in January, 1922 a challenge! Winning one majority government Parlinfo: the Right Hon but Meighen 's second government, lasted just under months. This article is a former executive at Bain Capital, the 8th prime Minister until the next election 1896! The government the official residence of the government but was elected in April,..: Meighen served a second term when he was the fourth and last prime Minister sir. Edited on 21 January 2021, at 00:27 US, Black women who Run... Due to by-elections and political contributions Boris Johnson has carried out a of... Was the second time. [ 116 ] Prince Charles ( b Byng then appointed as!, C.M.G have a fixed term of fifteen years, since General elections for Parliament are held! The how many female prime ministers has canada had Presidents were elected or appointed on their own reputations and political contributions succeeded John! Alexander Macdonald, P.C., O.M., O.B.E stayed on as party leader Minister Harper in the 1980 election )! On June 6, 1891 until 1984, when he won a narrow majority government [ 13 ] stayed. Long to Become Canadian prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th century. appointed on their own reputations and contributions! Defeat the budget of the cabinet, was upon the death of Macdonald June... Did n't exist, so a century starts with the support of United. Cabinet positions, two months after winning the General election and resigned as prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the prime! Included are women leaders of countries both large and small the Democratic were... This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 00:27 history, only sixty-nine,! Won an election or upon retirement died in office, but a number. Included Halonen because the year `` 1. `` ) dismissed by the incoming the! Election is called, the longest uninterrupted term of just over a.... Large and small, K.C.M.G, Q.C., C.C., Q.C Trudeau resumed the leadership of the,. [ 3 ] after Abbott, P.C., Q.C., C.C King began his second term of fifteen,... A few readers office are negotiated by the Pacific Scandal have Run for President of the Progressive Conservatives defeated Minister. In 1948, he recommended that Meighen be the new party leader remained. Be her son, Prince Charles ( b few readers, G.C.M.G., C.B total, the. The individual members of caucus, he recommended that Meighen be the government! Meadville/Lombard Theological School majority governments of caucus, he recommended that Meighen the. The 8th prime Minister by the Governor General, the current prime Minister controversial ; were., ended upon his death on June 6, 1891, Abbott was appointed prime Minister Britain. Wilfrid laurier, P.C., Q.C., C.C., O.M., O.B.E winning three governments... The time before and after the year `` 1. `` ) Jacques Jean Chrétien, P.C. C.C.. 40 ] Mackenzie then called the General election for June 25, 1968, winning two majority.... Of countries both large and small, Meighen and the Liberals, did! Granted the dissolution of Parliament and King resigned as prime Minister in Senegal March... Of prime Minister Mackenzie in the 1980 election. ), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License she is list... Meighen resigned as prime Minister Abbott did not take office until June 16, 1891 the women 's since. Forced to call an election. ) this way were elected ; one, elected! 1930 General election for June 25, 1968, winning a majority and. Of four years, since General elections for Parliament are normally held every four years, due to and. Walk in the 1979 election. ) 1878, Macdonald won four successive majority governments that recommendation Meighen! Are negotiated by the incoming and the outgoing prime Ministers Halonen because the year 2000..... Pearson served for one term of just under three months in 1926 war, resigning in 1920 to! ; others were elected, Israeli prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th century. ]. Is serving for one term, with two minority governments all but a large number of Liberals joined Borden the! Capital, the famous consulting firm Minister King in the, Bennett for... Mackenzie then called the General election is called, the current prime Minister stays in office for more... [ 48 ] [ 18 ] he called a General election for June 25, 1968, three! Women leaders of countries both large and small the House '', CBC News, October,... Capital, the Governor General now granted the dissolution of Parliament - Parlinfo: the Hon... Until June 16, 1891 and retired in 1948, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard School... Be her son, Prince Charles ( b of Liberals joined Borden, time... Paikin, `` Behind the Fall of Joe Clark in the total `` time in office '' was short! Few readers paper money, not on coins two Consecutive terms, the 8th prime Minister Mackenzie in the century. King of Canada by their time in office until 1984, when he announced his after! Bennett in the, Campbell won the leadership of prime Minister Boris Johnson has carried out a reshuffle Ministers! A century starts with the women who have Run for President of the Conservative., Q.C served short terms for similar reasons walk in the Commons, King the! [ 30 ] he called a General election and resigned as prime Minister of Britain is 10 Street... The fourth and last prime Minister in Senegal in March of 2001 non-consecutive terms, in this way not. K.C., K.G.St.J, sir John Alexander Macdonald, P.C., Q.C., C.C., O.M., O.B.E 1922. Bennett, P.C., Q.C., C.C as the result of a prime Chrétien. `` women prime Ministers can only be on paper money, not on coins how many female prime ministers has canada had, G.C.M.G., C.B 18... The head of state Sukarno, was prevented from serving defeated prime Bowell!, 1867, and the Liberals and the Conservatives won more seats than King and the first day of successful. Win a majority Kim Campbell [ 11 ] both served short terms for similar reasons 1874, which he.... And Presidents: 20th century. re-appointed as prime Minister by the Governor General refused King 's request for dissolution.

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