The masters will then follow that extends for 1 to 2 years and ends with doctoral that usually takes another 6 to 9 years. 40th Session of UNESCO Conference Speech by H.E. Many children of primary school age in Myanmar miss out on this opportunity. Purrfect English Youth Essay Competition winner May Myat Noe Khant imagines a future in which urbanisation and increased foreign investment privilege a lucky few but leave the rest behind. She stressed the importance of the language issue in the peace process. EDUCATION IN MYANMAR 1. Science, Technology and Innovation. One of the primary areas that would benefit from reform is Burma’s education system. Most schools have snack bars, many of which were run by teachers until the 2005-2006 academic year, when the government ordered them to stop. There are Buddha images and Buddhist shrines in every government school. EdStats (Education Statistics) provides data and analysis on a wide range of education topics such as access, quality, learning outcomes, teachers, education expenditures, and education equality. In order to find solutions to the challenges and gaps in the current education system, since July Education in Myanmar is the main theme of the seminar that was held at the Australian National University, Centre for UNESCO building at 5 Liversidge Street on Wednesday, 31 March 2004 at 4:30 p.m. 2. The teaching of history is a controversial issue in Myanmar and many in ethnic areas believe they should be taught the history of their own people as well as that of the Bamar. Education in Burma is not only inaccessible to many people but also heightens existing ethnic tensions. Myanmar’s education sector is dominated by teacher ascendancy and student obedience, which has limited free discussion and expression of thought (Oo 2015: 395). Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. The rich get richer: Imagining Yangon in 2025 as a city of haves and have nots, ‘A country of immense potential’: Despite challenges, Myanmar capable of ‘tremendous change’, student writes, Christmas, disrupted: COVID-19 moves worship online, USDP lawsuits target teachers who risked it all. Universities and professional institutes from upper Burma and lower Burma are run by two separate entities, the Departments of Higher Education (Lower Burma and Upper Burma), whose office headquarters are based in Yangon and Mandalay respectively. They say more awareness is needed to address the issue in Myanmar, where culturally and traditionally, beating is considered to be an effective way of dealing with rowdy students. Myanmar’s education system is divided into five segments: early childhood care and development (ECCD), basic education, alternative education, technical and vocational education and training (TVET), and higher education. Stay on top of Myanmar current affairs with our Daily Briefing and Media Monitor newsletters, Our fortnightly magazine is available in print, digital, or a combination beginning at $80 a year, Sign up for our Frontier Fridays newsletter. The NESP is a comprehensive, widely-owned and evidence-based roadmap intended to reform the entire education sector over the next five years. While most girls attend primary school, the numbers gradually decrease at the secondary and higher education levels. Any revision of the curriculum would require careful consideration about subject content, including what languages would be taught. Teachers hit students for many reasons, such as not paying attention, causing disruptions in class, falling asleep or failing to achieve high marks in tests. The NESP anticipates a particular need in the area of non-formal education, helping people find alternative routes to learning and, eventually, work. The higher education system follows a 4-1-3 year program with 4 years for a bachelor's degree, one year of qualifying classes, and 3 years for a master's degree. Thet Zin Soe 06 Jan 2021 The Myanmar government wants to restructure and raise investments in the existing education system over the next five years so that it remains compatible with modern day requirements, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said in her New Year speech. Browse by country. But there are 150 universities and colleges that are divided into 14 divisions and states. It is understood that parents can secure admission to such schools by paying a “donation” ranging from K100,000 to K1 million. The quality of school teachers may be excellent, however aging materials sadly let them down. Primary Education In Myanmar once also known as Burma decades of political conflict have reduced a once-proud education system to one that is lagging sadly. “It’s a depressing situation when education has become a market from which some principals benefit at admission times; the government should do more to control this,” said Soe Win Oo, who has provided tuition for about 30 years under the name Dr Bio. At the time of the British decolonization of Asia in 1948, Myanmar was lauded for having one of the top educational systems in the continent.Many experts projected that Myanmar would come to be one of the central powers of the region due to its superior education, however, this has not been the case. Participation in Education. Greater access to TVET requires expansion in the number of training places as well as the removal of barriers to enrolling in a training course or having one’s skills recognised. Most of the teachers in the zone are from lower Myanmar and because they are teaching in Burmese, the Naga children do not understand what they are saying. Education specialists agree that the curriculum is badly in need of reform and would also benefit from the introduction of modern teaching methods and technology. We’re not betting on a print revival to ensure Frontier’s survival, but we believe print still has an important place in the media landscape. General Information. Article 4.3 of the declaration says: “States should take appropriate measures so that, wherever possible, persons belonging to minorities may have adequate opportunities to learn their mother tongue or to have instruction in their mother tongue.”. Support more independent journalism like this. Culture. Myanmar education also provides engineering studies that lasts for 5 to 6 years while medicine for 6 and a half years. The Education Reconstruction Committee of 1947 decided that Myanmar needed a homogeneous system of schools and that the education system had to be state provided and state controlled (Lwin 2000:5). The importance that almost the entire population places on the final matriculation exam cannot be underestimated. Regional college then follows for those who cannot obtain degree-oriented ones. Here’s the basics of how it works: Admission to government schools is simple and cheap. After the independence, the public schools started reaching all parts of… Myanmar has made upgrading the national education system a priority, and UNICEF supports the Government to implement the National Education Strategic Plan 2016–2021, together with other partners. Leadership, organization, and history. (Nyein Su Wai Kyaw Soe | Frontier), “I think the topics in the textbooks of the current curriculum are quite old, and don’t really fit with the modern days,” said one private school teacher in Yangon. Primary Education. Discussions about the education system in Myanmar often tend to be dominated by the curriculum. Myanmar’s ambitious plans for its state school system count on the assistance and input of international experts, including NGOs. At independence, Myanmar had the highest literacy rate in … Progress and Completion in Education. Teachers who have big classes often believe they need to hit students to maintain control. The educational system of Myanmar (also known as Burma) is operated by the government Ministry of Education. In Yangon, it’s common to see food stalls – many of them selling deep-fried snacks – outside school gates. There are no options, which is unfair to those who could not or did not finish high school and decide after working for a few years that they would like to further their education. The quality of school teachers may be excellent, however aging materials sadly let them down. Sign up to be a Frontier member. Another issue affecting teachers is their pay and consideration must be given to providing a decent income. Critics of the matriculation system, also point to the fact that girls must gain higher grades than boys to study certain subjects at university. The curriculum for primary students should incorporate classes in morality, and any such teaching should be secular and not religion-based. Nearly 1 in 5 children (881,000) are not attending school, the national census of 2014 found. Myanmar education system Education has traditionally always been of great importance in Myanmar society. “This needs to be reviewed.”. Other subjects where this applies include dental and nursing. Anyone wishing to attend university in Myanmar must pass the matriculation exam. The curricula at government schools should encourage democratic values, morality, tolerance of diversity and Myanmar’s social and cultural heritage. Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. Education specialists agree that the curriculum is badly in need of reform and would also benefit from the introduction of modern teaching methods and technology. Abstract Myanmar's education system is in a very weakened state. A complementary approach in education is to develop a healthy moral mind in a healthy active body. To give you a good notion on how Myanmar education is being chunked to provide the best to every child and adult Burmese, the education starts at Kinder 1 and extends up to Kinder 3. Any reform of the government school curriculum will be of little value if it cannot be taught effectively and more attention needs to be paid to teacher training. 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