Antihistamines provide a wealth of benefits (as we will shortly see) to people who suffer seasonal allergies, pet allergies, fabric or material allergies, and those suffering from the common cold or seasonal flu. It does not last as long as second-generation antihistamines. Some argue that even if it is true, four days spent feeling not-so-bad is better than three days spent feeling awful. Antihistamines are chemical compounds that provide relief from allergy, cold and flu symptoms. Each successive generation provides more focused relief and produces fewer and less severe side effects. A: One of the primary side effects of first-generation antihistamines is drowsiness. 9. What…, Psoriatic arthritis can cause swelling, pain, and stiffness in the finger and hand joints. Nausea and vomiting. A major incentive for the creation of second and third-generation antihistamines was to find a way to avoid the drowsiness. But we do not really know why they happen. The good news is that effective relief is available. So you do not need to take more every few hours like you often have to with first-gen antihistamines. Q: What are some of the uses for antihistamines? ZYRTEC® is proud to offer a broad range of products to make your eyes look and feel their best. Although product recommendations are only our opinions, this research-backed page has been fact-checked and reviewed by a medical professional. But in truth, just blaming mom and dad is a bit of cop out, because it does not address why they had allergies. Not everyone is comfortable, or even able, to take medicine the same way. Antihistamines are a multi-billion dollar industry in the US alone (3). The makers of Zaditor focus on providing relief for burning, watery eyes due to allergies or environmental pollutants. Loratadine—present in Claritin—may not be safe for people with severe liver conditions. Some take tablet form, others take the form of easy-to-swallow gelcaps. Q: Why are some antihistamines now kept behind the counter? These address specific aspects of histamine activity and cause less drowsiness. They can help with a runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing, and itchy nose and throat, but generally don't relieve congestion (though azelastine, an antihistamine … And they (the antihistamines) do a generally outstanding job of it. Antihistamines can help your children deal with allergies. Antihistamines block the action of histamines and prevent those side effects. Use antihistamine eye drops. Eye drops: Allergy eye drops usually contain a liquid antihistamine that prevents histamines from making your eyes itch and water. They're also sometimes used to prevent motion sickness and as a short-term treatment for insomnia. Flaws: They are not as widely available in brick and mortar pharmacies as some other antihistamines. Use the above information to help you determine which type is right for you. Antihistamines have shown themselves potentially useful in treating a number of other conditions, including stomach ulcers, insomnia, anaphylactic shock (1), certain types of anxiety, and even morning sickness (2). Zyrtec and Claritin are two of the most popular brands, but which is best? At the same time, though, Benadryl remains popular in part because of its ability to help allergy sufferers get to sleep. First-gen antihistamines are well-known for producing drowsiness. A: They do. Unlike many antihistamine eye drops, Zaditor doesn’t contain a vasoconstrictor and is safe for kids and adults ages 3 years and older. Antihistamines can reduce allergy symptoms, such as watering eyes, itchy skin, hives, and swelling. There are no superfluous ingredients in this, the original prescription-strength formula that is now available OTC. Q: Do antihistamines interact with other medications? The symptoms are itchy and red eyes, tearing, edema (swelling) of the conjunctiva or eyelid, and a mucous discharge. A: The fact is, no one is quite sure why some people develop allergies, and others do not. People should avoid taking Zyrtec with alcohol or other medicines that could cause drowsiness. This dulls the body’s response to minor or harmless allergens, such as pollen, dust, and pet dander. Last medically reviewed on January 14, 2019, What is psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and how do doctors diagnose it? It is estimated that OTC medicines, including over the counter antihistamines, save US citizens nearly $150 billion a year by preventing unneeded doctor visits, lab tests, and hospitalizations (7). A: It might help to think of histamines like firefighters. Falls are a significant health concern for the elderly (11). Examples include: Fexofenadine (Allegra) Loratadine (Claritin) Desloratadine (Clarinex) Cetirizine (Zyrtec) Levocetirizine (Xyzal) Will … However, research indicates antihistamines – regardless of generation – pose little long term threat to overall health (18). Best for Watery Eyes: Zatidor Antihistamine Eye Drops at Amazon "Watery eyes need an antihistamine-based eye drop, and Zatidor is a regularly recommended brand for treating common eye allergy symptoms." If the symptoms persist for weeks, it is likely allergies. If allergies are the source of your irritation, these antihistamine drops from Alaway are a good option. A 2014 study found that both drugs were absorbed into the bloodstream within 1–2 hours of taking the medication. It provides a blanket defense against hundreds of allergens and can relieve your cold symptoms as well. What we like: We appreciate the effectiveness of the first-gen antihistamine chlorpheniramine. Most can be purchased over the counter. That is understandable since most medicines are not intended to be used for months or years at a time. A study published in 2014 noted that 10–15 percent of women use antihistamines during pregnancy. Antihistamines are not side effect free, but those side effects are usually mild. When you hear the words “seasonal allergies,” you probably think of nasal symptoms like sniffling and sneezing. The liver has to break down loratadine. In 2012, a review found that some antihistamines may be problematic during pregnancy. Antihistamines can be administered in a variety of ways. Q: Are there some people who should not use antihistamines? Flaws: Benadryl uses the first-generation antihistamine diphenhydramine. Flaws: Does not do much to relieve sneezing or respiratory symptoms. Overall, the research hints that levocetirizine (Xyzal) may have a slight edge over the others for relieving allergy symptoms. At the time (2006), pseudoephedrine was a popular ingredient in many allergy medications. 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